Adjunct Curator of Fossil Fishes
Dr. Michael Newbrey is interested in the biology, systematics, phylogeny, and ecology of fishes with particular interests in the effects of climate change on the evolution of age and growth of fishes. His research integrates the disciplines of paleontology, ichthyology, fisheries, ecology, and geology to explore questions regarding the evolutionary changes in marine and freshwater fishes. Michael’s fieldwork and published research has focused on sharks, rays, and boney fishes from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of North America, Great Britain, Poland, Mongolia, and Australia.
Education and professional affiliations
Michael’s degrees include a bachelor’s degree in biology and a master’s degree in natural resources/fisheries from the University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point. He obtained a Ph.D. in Zoology from North Dakota State University studying the age and growth of extant and extinct fishes to examine the influence of climate change on the evolution of freshwater fish biology and ecology. Subsequently, Michael spent six years as a post-doctoral fellow at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology (Betsey Nichols Post-doctoral Fellow) and the University of Alberta where he published on sharks, rays, and boney fishes with colleagues from around the world. His research continues at Columbus State University, Columbus, Georgia, USA, where he is currently teaching, and here at the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre as an Adjunct Curator of Fossil Fishes.
Currently, Michael is working on describing sharks and rays from an Albian deposit in Poland with colleagues at the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Western Australian Museum. Ultimately, he wants to compare sharks and rays from Poland and Australia to those of the same age deposits in Manitoba. Michael exclaims “Manitoba boasts marine deposits of a variety of ages in the Cretaceous that are virtually unexplored for palaeontological resources. Palaeontologists have been working in Manitoba for a long time, but they have barely scratched the surface to explore 35+ million years of rich, marine, palaeontological resources from a unique marine habitat. Consequently, a plethora of questions can be posed using fish fossils (and other aquatic organisms) from Manitoba. Around 100 mya, SW Manitoba was covered by an interior sea that extended from Utah and Kansas, north to the Arctic, the Cretaceous Boreal Ocean. At that time the Artic was ice free and Artic fishes colonized the interior sea of North America. Michael is curious how the fishes living in Manitoba compare to southern, high latitude marine fishes of Australia, and the mid-latitude marine fishes of Cretaceous Poland. Studying these ancient fishes from Manitoba will provide many insights into their geographic distribution, biology, evolution, and ecology. Furthermore, I think Manitobians will enjoy the stories that their rich fossil heritage has to tell about Manitoba’s deep faunal history.”
Moore, G.I. and M.G. Newbrey. In press for 2016. Whale Shark on a White Shark’s menu. Marine Biodiversity (published as an Oceanarium), available on line, DOI: 10.1007/s12526-015-0430-9.
Murray, A., M.G. Newbrey, A.G. Neuman and D.B. Brinkman. 2016. New articulated osteoglossomorph from Late Cretaceous freshwater deposits (Maastrichtian, Scollard Formation) of Alberta, Canada. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(4):e1120737-14.
Newbrey, M.G., Siversson, M., Cook, T.D., Fotheringham, A.M., and Sanchez, R.L. 2015. Vertebral morphology, dentition, age, growth, and ecology of the large lamniform shark Cardabiodon ricki. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60(4):877–897.
Newbrey, M.G., M. Siverson, T.D. Cook, A.M. Fotheringham and R.L. Sanchez. In press for 2015. Vertebral morphology, age, growth, and ecology of the large lamniform shark Cardabiodon ricki. Acta Palaeontological Polonica, available online 11 Oct. 2013, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4202/app.2012.0047.
Newbrey, M.G. and T. Konishi. 2015. A new lizardfish (Teleostei, Aulopiformes) from the Late Cretaceous Bearpaw Formation of Alberta, Canada with a revised diagnosis of Apateodus (Aulopiformes, Ichthyotringoidei). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35(3): e918042 (19 pages).
Siverson, M., J. Lindgren, M.G. Newbrey, P. Cederström and T.D. Cook. 2015. Late Cretaceous sharks of Cretalamna appendiculata type. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60(2):339–384.
Konishi, T., M.G. Newbrey and M. W. Caldwell. 2014. A small, exquisitely preserved specimen of Mosasaurus missouriensis (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the upper Campanian of the Bearpaw Formation, western Canada and the first stomach contents for the genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34(4):802–819.
Cook, T.D., J.G. Eaton, M.G. Newbrey and M.V.H. Wilson. 2014. A new genus and species of freshwater stingray (Myliobatiformes, Dasyatoidea) from the latest middle Eocene of Utah, U.S.A. Journal of Palaeontology 88:497-503.
Cook, T.D., M.G. Newbrey, D.B. Brinkman and J.L. Kirkland. 2014. Freshwater euselachians from the Hell Creek Formation of Montana with a comparison to other Maastrichtian North American localities. In G.P. Wilson, W.A. Clemens, J.R. Horner and J.H. Hartman, eds., Through the End of the Cretaceous in the Type Locality of the Hell Creek Formation in Montana and Adjacent Areas: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 503, doi:10.1130/2014.2503(08).
Brinkman, D.B., M.G. Newbrey and A.G. Neuman. 2014. Diversity and paleoecology of actinopterygian fish from vertebrate microfossil localities of the Maastrichtian Hell Creek Formation of Montana. In G.P. Wilson, W.A. Clemens, J.R. Horner and J.H. Hartman, eds., Through the End of the Cretaceous in the Type Locality of the Hell Creek Formation in Montana and Adjacent Areas: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 503:247-270, doi:10.1130/2014.2503(09).
Newbrey, M.G., A.M. Murray, M.V.H. Wilson, D.B. Brinkman and A.G. Neuman. 2013. A new species of the paracanthopterygian Xenyllion (Sphenocephaliformes) from the Mowry Formation (Cenomanian) of Utah, USA, pp. 363-384. In Mesozoic Fishes 5 – Global Diversity and Evolution; edited by G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany.
Newbrey, M.G., D.B. Brinkman, D.A. Winkler, E.A. Freedman, A.G. Neuman, D.W. Fowler and H.N. Woodward. 2013. Teleost centrum and jaw elements from the Late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation (Campanian – Maastrichtian) of Mongolia and a re-identification of the fish centrum found with the theropod Raptorex kreigsteini, pp. 291-303. In Mesozoic Fishes 5 – Global Diversity and Evolution; edited by G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany.
Liston, J., M.G. Newbrey, T.J. Challands and C.E. Adams. 2013. Growth, age and size of the Jurassic pachycormid Leedsichthys problematicus (Osteichthyes: Actinopterygii, pp. 145-175. In Mesozoic Fishes 5 – Global Diversity and Evolution; edited by G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany.
Brinkman, D.B., M.G. Newbrey, A.G. Neuman and J. Eaton. 2013. Freshwater Osteichthyes from the Cenomanian to middle Campanian of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, pp. 195-236. In: A. Titus, Ed., The Late Cretaceous of southern Utah: Critical window into end Mesozoic ecosystems. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
Wilson, A.E., M.G. Newbrey, D.B. Brinkman, T.D. Cook and A.G. Neuman. 2013. Age and growth in Myledaphus bipartitus, a Late Cretaceous freshwater guitarfish from Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 50:930–944.
Cook, T.D., M.V.H. Wilson, A.M. Murray, G. Plint, M.G. Newbrey and M.J. Everhart. 2013. A high latitude euselachian assemblage from the early Turonian of Alberta, Canada. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 11:555–587.
Cook, T.D., M.G. Newbrey, A.M. Murray, M.V.H. Wilson, K. Shimada, G.T. Takeuchi and J.D. Stewart. 2011. A partial skeleton of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Archaeolamna kopingensis, from the Pierre Shale of western Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(1):8-21.
Newbrey, M.G., A.M. Murray, D.B. Brinkman, M.V.H. Wilson and A.G. Neuman. 2010. A new articulated freshwater fish (Clupeomorpha, Ellimmichthyiformes) from the Horseshoe Canyon Formation, Maastrichtian, of Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(9):1183-1196.
Eberle, J.J., H.C. Fricke, J.D. Humphrey, L. Hackett, M.G. Newbrey and J.H. Hutchison. 2010. Seasonal variability in Arctic temperatures during early Eocene time. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 296(3-4):481-486.
Cook, T.D., M.V.H. Wilson and M.G. Newbrey. 2010. The first record of the large Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cardabiodon ricki, from North America and a new empirical test for its presumed antitropical distribution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(3):643-649.
Newbrey, M.G., A.M. Murray, M.V.H. Wilson, D.B. Brinkman and A.G. Neuman. 2009. Seventy-five-million-year-old tropical tetra-like fish from Canada tracks Cretaceous global warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 276(1672):3829-3833.
Newbrey, M.G., M.V.H. Wilson and A.C. Ashworth. 2008. Climate change and evolution of growth in Late Cretaceous to Recent North American Esociformes, pp. 311-350. In Mesozoic Fishes 4 – Homology, and Phylogeny; edited by G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany.
Newbrey, M.G., M.V.H. Wilson and A.C. Ashworth. 2007. Centrum growth patterns provide evidence for two small taxa of Hiodontidae in the Cretaceous Dinosaur Park Formation. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 44(7):721-732.
Newbrey, M.G. and M.V.H. Wilson. 2005. Recognition of annular growth on centra of Teleostei with application to Hiodontidae of the Cretaceous Dinosaur Park Formation. In Dinosaur Park Symposium; edited by D.R. Braman, F. Therrien, E.B. Koppelhus, and W. Taylor. Special Publication of the Royal Tyrrell Museum, Drumheller, Alberta. pp. 61-68.
Newbrey, M.G., M.A. Bozek, M.J. Jennings and J.E. Cook. 2005. Branching complexity and morphological characteristics of coarse woody structure as lacustrine fish habitat. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(9):2110-2123.
Newbrey, M.G. and A.C. Ashworth. 2004. A fossil record of colonization and response of lacustrine fish populations to climate change. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61(10):1807-1816.
Newbrey, M.G. and M.A. Bozek. 2003. Age, growth, and mortality of Joffrichthys triangulpterus (Teleostei: Osteoglossidae) from the Paleocene Sentinel Butte Formation, North Dakota, USA. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23(3):494-500.
Newbrey, M.G. and M.A. Bozek. 2000. A new species of Joffrichthys (Teleostei: Osteoglossidae) of the Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene), of North Dakota, USA.
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20(1):6-14.
Papers in education
Baltezore, J.M. and M.G. Newbrey. 2007. The infection dynamics of a hypothetical virus in a high school: Use of an ultraviolet detectable powder. The American Biology Teacher 69(2):99-103.
Newbrey, M.G. and J.M. Baltezore. 2006. Poster presentations: Conceptualizing, constructing and critiquing. The American Biology Teacher 68(9):550-554.